Published on *Max Planck Institute for Mathematics* (http://www.mpim-bonn.mpg.de)

Posted in

- Talk [1]

Speaker:

Hannah Schwartz
Affiliation:

Bryn Mawr College
Date:

Mon, 15/10/2018 - 16:30 - 18:00 It is well known that two knots in S^3 are ambiently isotopic if and only if there is an orientation preserving automorphism of S^3 carrying one knot to the other. In this talk, we will examine a family of smooth 4-manifolds in which the analogue of this fact does *not *hold, i.e. each manifold contains a pair of smoothly embedded, homotopic 2-spheres that are related by a diffeomorphism, but not smoothly isotopic. In particular, the presence of 2-torsion in the fundamental groups of these 4-manifolds can be used to obstruct even a topological isotopy between the 2-spheres; this shows that Gabai's recent ``4D Lightbulb Theorem" does not hold without the 2-torsion hypothesis.

**Links:**

[1] http://www.mpim-bonn.mpg.de/taxonomy/term/39

[2] http://www.mpim-bonn.mpg.de/node/3444

[3] http://www.mpim-bonn.mpg.de/TopologySeminar