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Around the Thom-Sebastiani theorem

Posted in
Luc Illusie
Thu, 2014-06-12 11:30 - 12:30

For germs of holomorphic functions $f : \mathbf{C}^{m+1} \to \mathbf{C}$, $g : \mathbf{C}^{n+1} \to \mathbf{C}$ having an isolated critical point at 0 with value 0, the classical Thom-Sebastiani theorem describes the vanishing cycles group $\Phi^{m+n+1}(f \oplus g)$ (and its monodromy) as a tensor product $\Phi^m(f) \otimes \Phi^n(g)$, where $(f \oplus g)(x,y) = f(x) + g(y)$, $x = (x_0,...,x_m)$, $y = (y_0,...,y_n)$. I will discuss algebraic variants and generalizations of this result over fields of any characteristic, where the tensor product is replaced by a certain local convolution product, as suggested by Deligne. The main theorem is a Künneth formula for $R\Psi$ in the framework of Deligne's theory of nearby cycles over general bases.

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